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Leading Art Fairs of the World
Over time as artistic workmanship and production continues to grow, we see a greater exchange of ideas and arts that has transcended borders. This has been facilitated by art fairs which has managed to provide a common platform to artists, collectors and curators from across the world. Some of such leading art fairs with the best artistic experience has been listed below.
Art Basel is reputed to be one of the most prestigious art fairs in the world. Each year, it is organised in four locations - Basel, Hong Kong, Paris and Miami Beach. Here one gets to see a diverse array of modern and contemporary art ranging from paintings and sculptures to digital art and film by leading and emerging dynamic artists represented by different galleries across the globe. An interesting highlight of this fair is the engaging conversation programs arranged among prominent artists.
TEFAF (The European Fine Art Foundation) is another one which boasts of a rigorous vetting standard to ensure that it’s exhibits are of the best quality and authentic. Every year, it is held in two locations – New York and Maastricht. While the spring edition focuses on contemporary art and design, the fall show presents fine art and décor from antiquity to the 1920s which includes the old master paintings. In this manner it draws in a vibrant eclectic audience.
The Frieze Art Fair is held every year in London, Los Angeles, New York City and Seoul. It presents a wide array of artworks ranging from ancient to modern thereby bringing in influential collectors and curators from across the globe. Some of its 2022 highlights include works by Ibrahim Mahama, Hilma af Klint’s work and many other artistic innovations.
FIAC (Foire International d’Art Contemporain) mainly features modern and contemporary art from French and international galleries. Here, the artworks are exhibited within their historical contexts given the structure of the Grand Palais Ephemere. It also offers a range of programs including performances, films and conversations.
Zona Maco which is held in Mexico City at the Citibanamex Center every February and September is recognized as one of Latin America’s largest art and design platform. Here one gets to see Mexico’s rich and vibrant artworks corroborated with conversations on Mexico’s culture. It is divided into various sections such as Zonamaco design which features a combination of contemporary art with furniture, textiles, jewellery, decorative items as well as limited editions and historical pieces.
La Biennale Paris, happens to be one of the two major art fairs taking place in the City of Lights. It first opened in 1956 as a French antiques fair and has since evolved to include art, jewelry, and other decorative elements for the home. Comprising of one whole weekend exploring 6,000 years of art and decorative arts history with everything from archeological discoveries to futuristic contemporary works from every continent, it is one event that every art lover should see in their lifetime.
The Armory Show, named after a modern art exhibition held in 1913, is held every year in March in the Piers of Manhattan. For the first time it is known to have introduced to the continent’s art scene, European popular art styles such as Cubism and Fauvism. Today, it displays some of the best works produced by talented artists of New York. Apart from the main fair, satellite fairs are also organised where the city’s top talent are displayed.
SCOPE Art Show features some of the most innovative tech digital art work. Several intriguing art pieces have been exhibited under the genre ‘new contemporary’. Here, one can find trending and exhilarating visual productions as well as traditional fine art. Annually, three shows are organised in Miami Beach in Florida, New York and Basel in Switzerland.
Art Toronto, Canada’s premier art event is dedicated to modern and contemporary art. Held downtown each year at the Metro Toronto Convention Centre, the art fair featured showcased 100 galleries from 8 countries in its ninth edition in 2022.
India Art Fair held annually in New Delhi has become one of the most celebrated art fairs in South Asia. These exhibits are reflective of the diverse artistic trends and cultural scene of the region. It features contemporary visual arts which are often engaged with modern masters and vernacular artistic traditions such as the works of reputed Indian artists like MF Hussain, Amrita Sher Gill, Anish Kapoor and others.
World Art Dubai figures as one of the region’s largest contemporary retail art fairs. While it features art from galleries across the world, it is particularly celebrated for its dedication to work by middle eastern and north African artists. It is divided into five sections – modern, contemporary, Residents which includes a series of invited ‘solo presentations and Bawwaba which is a collection of 10 exhibits curated specifically for the fair.
ART STAGE takes plce every January in Singapore. Conceptualised by Lorenzo Rudolf, the Director who lead Art Basel it is one of the few international art fairs in the Southeast Asia region, it bridges foreign galleries with local including exhibitors from Tokyo, Taichung, Seoul, Hong Kong, and of course, from Singapore.
Contemporary Istanbul, an annual art fair opens every September in Istanbul. The art fair fosters Istanbul’s cultural scene, which is strengthening despite the region’s political instability.
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Must Visit Destinations Around the World for Art Lovers
The love and appreciation for Art has been an intrinsic part of the Human Cultural and Cognitive Evolution. The interest and experience of the human mind in Art has grown exponentially since the Pre-Historic Period. One can say that with the development and growth of Cranial Capacity in the humans along with many other social, cultural, political and economic developments, the importance of Art and Aesthetics have evolved, leading to a number of professional disciplines, like Fine Arts, Art Management, Curators, Critiques, Art Historians and so forth. A lot of precedence is given on analyses and interpretation of art to get a holistic picture of the contemporary societies, many of which cease to exist now and only their art works exist. These above mentioned developments led to an increase of population that was inclined towards understanding and appreciating various forms of Art, from recreational perspective to professional business perspectives. Art and Aesthetics have become such an important part of Cultural Studies and Heritage that various bodies run by the Governments of all countries and states and by the Private Entrepreneurs have started investing stakes to conserve and preserve the Artistic Assemblages of their regions. Over the past decade this practice has increased rapidly due to the commercial and monetary benefits and cases of protecting native traditions in the ever-increasing globalized world. Keeping all these things in mind, here is a small list of Must Visit Destinations Around the World for Art Lovers. Although a word of caution that this article only scratches the surface of the Art World, one lifetime wouldn’t be enough to imbibe and appreciate all the Artistic Marvels of our World. Let us begin with one of the earliest evidences of Art in the world, in the form of Pre-Historic Rock Art. These Cave Shelters can be found in the South of France known as the Chauvet Caves. Based on the archaeological and scientific evidence from the Caves, these paintings are dated to roughly around 32,000 years old. These paintings tell us about the Hunting and Ritualistic activities of the Paleolithic dwellers of these caves. Next fairly ancient site that is a must for art lovers to visit is in Maharashtra, India. There are a group of Buddhist Caves near the village of Ajanta in Aurangabad District of Maharashtra, and due to their proximity to the village they are known as Ajanta Caves. These are group of Buddhist Caves of which the earliest has been dated to around 2nd Century BCE belonging to the Satvahana Dynasty and the latest dating to around 6th Century CE belonging to Gupta-Vakataka Period. A visitor will be enchanted by the perfect blend of interaction between the Nature and its Human inhabitants. Here there are numerous sculptures belonging to the Buddhist Iconography and breathtaking paintings giving us a glimpse of the Ancient Indians. This article would be incomplete without mentioning the splendid city of Istanbul, in Turkey. This city has seen many glorious days under different Empires, like the, Hellenistic Empire, the Bronze Ages, the Byzantine Empire and lastly the Ottoman Empire. The entire city is shrouded with monuments and museums with the robust collections one’s eyes scan fathom. Right from the Sultan Ahmet to the Blue Mosque and the Hagia Sophia to splendid museums like the Top-Kapi Palace, this city is a gold mine for Art lovers. Another must visit destination for Art lovers is Rome, in Italy. The entire city is filled to the brim with history and monuments and churches to devour. There is a lot to see and experience in the city but the must visit sites are Roman Forum, St. Peter’s Basilica (The Vatican City), the Colosseum, Cuatro Fontana Di Trevi and the Pantheon. There are a lot of majestic places to visit in the Latin Americas as well. One of them which deserves a special mention is the capital of Columbia, Bogota. This city is a true treat for the Art lovers, there is so much one can do here, most spectacular places are, Museo del Oro (Gold Museum), the Salt Cathedral of Zipaquira, the Botero Museum and lastly a Street Art Tour of the City. The final two destinations that deserve mentions are the Metropolitan Museum of Art, in New York and the Louvre, in Paris and recently opened in Abu Dhabi. Both of these museums are very unique in different ways and they are the torch bearers of Art Education in the world. These museums have magnificent art collects from different periods and regions of the world, like the most well-known, Mona Lisa, by Leonardo Da Vinci at Louvre. Along with art collections and exhibitions these museums also carry out extensive research and publications on Art of the World along with educating the future generations on Art Management and Curatorship, Art Conservation and Art History. And to see more works of art from around the world that is authentic check out our website RtistiQ as we bring to you both digital and physical art backed by NFT.
All About Graffiti Art and Art Brut
In the urban landscape, vibrant forms of artistic expression emerge, challenging conventional notions of art and engaging with communities in unconventional ways. Two distinctive art forms that have garnered attention for their rawness and unfiltered creativity are graffiti art and Art Brut. Some of the most notorious names of contemporary art come from the world of graffiti. And while formal training and historic institutions still hold a massive presence in the art world, we are seeing more and more outsiders storm the gates and break through to become major names. That’s why we put together this guide to understand the types of graffiti art and art brut better. With this new knowledge, you’ll be able to better appreciate this diverse and dynamic realm of creative expression. What is Graffiti Art? Graffiti is a kind of art brut. It is any drawing or writing made on a surface, typically in public view. Graffiti itself is about as old as humanity. But beginning in the 1980s, graffiti began to be shown in fine art institutions, like galleries and museums. With the inclusion of many major graffiti artists into the formal art world, the lines have become more and more blurred. Graffiti art now refers to a thriving genre of art that uses the styles and techniques of street graffiti, but with finished products that are meant for more traditional art spaces. Some of the most well known artists of the last fifty years are graffiti artists, including the late Jean-Michel Basquiat. What’s the difference between graffiti and street art? The terms "graffiti" and "street art" are often used interchangeably, but they do have distinct characteristics that set them apart: Graffiti artists, like the famous Banksy, create and present their art in public spaces. Frequently, their art is not sanctioned by the owners of the property that the art is painted on. For this reason, graffiti art typically are revolutionary or otherwise transgressive themes. While graffiti can be seen as a subset of street art, the key difference lies in the legality and intent behind the creations. Graffiti is often associated with unauthorized markings and can be viewed as an act of rebellion or vandalism, whereas street art is generally more accepted and embraced by communities as a form of public art. However, it's worth noting that the line between graffiti and street art can be blurred, and there are artists who bridge both realms, incorporating elements of graffiti within their street art pieces. Ultimately, both graffiti and street art play vital roles in shaping the visual landscape of cities, sparking conversations, and challenging societal norms through artistic expression in public spaces. If you are still confused, see this helpful guide: Graffiti art is often associated with illicit, unauthorized markings made on public spaces using various tools like spray paint, markers, or etching tools. Historically, graffiti has been associated with acts of vandalism and considered a form of public defacement. Street art, on the other hand, encompasses a broader range of artistic expressions in public spaces. Street artists often create their works with the permission of property owners or as part of organized initiatives to beautify urban environments. Street art is typically more intricate, visually elaborate, and conceptually driven compared to traditional graffiti. How Graffiti Art Started Graffiti art began as street art, and people often use the words graffiti and street art interchangeably. But a few New York City gallerists in the 1980s saw graffiti as a blooming world of creative expression. And soon, they were exhibiting the work of graffiti artists. A particular hotbed was the East Village in Manhattan. Fun Gallery and Now Gallery helped lead the way in presenting graffiti art in a new light. By placing the work by these outsider artists in the context of a gallery, audiences began to appreciate the art on a deeper level. Artists like Keith Haring, Crash, Lady Pink, and Jean-Michel Basquiat became major names in the art world. They inspired new generations of graffiti artists to pursue the style — as street art, gallery exhibits, or both. Today, major corporations have hired graffiti artists to promote products . Major auction houses sell graffiti art. And you can buy graffiti art at countless galleries around the world. Famous Graffiti Paintings Curious to see some great graffiti art? We’ve put together a few of the most impressive and noteworthy examples. Untitled Skull (1982) by Jean-Michel Basquiat Copyright Jean-Michel Basquiat This painting is legendary not only as part of Basquiat’s skull series, but also because of the major headlines it made in 2017. It was that year that Sotheby’s New York sold it for a staggering $110.5 million dollars, blowing past its $57 million estimate. Ignorance = Fear (1989) by Keith Haring Copyright Keith Haring Foundation This work epitomized Haring’s use of art as a tool to raise political consciousness. As a gay activist, the AIDS epidemic was central to much of Haring’s work in the 1980s. This painting united his powerful pop and graffiti hybrid style to deliver an important message. The Breakdown Comes (1983) by Lady Pink Copyright Lady Pink This masterpiece of graffiti art by Lady Pink reveals the deep anxieties of the middle class in 1980s New York City as an empowering fantasy of the downtrodden in the same time and place. The vitality and playfulness of the artwork helps the complex themes go down enjoyably. Graffiti art is such an exciting realm of the art world. Now a few generations into its acceptance into the establishment, it still continues to push boundaries and grab our attention. Now that you know a little more about it, you can shop graffiti art from this fascinating genre that RtistiQ has put together for you to explore. What is Art Brut? Art brut is a term coined by French artist Jean Dubuffet in the 1940s, literally meaning raw art. Dubuffet used the term to describe the realm of artwork made outside of the formal and academic art world. Sometimes called outsider art, artbrut contains a broad spectrum of work. The term is often used with a bias toward Western art circles. For instance, artists in hunter gatherer tribes might be highly trained and create pieces inside a well codified tradition, but their work might still be considered art brut to some critics—so a reader has to consider who is using the term and how. Art Brut artists typically have no formal artistic training and often face societal marginalization or live with mental health challenges. Their works are characterized by their authenticity, unconventionality, and a lack of adherence to traditional artistic norms. Art Brut encompasses a wide range of styles and techniques. Artists often work with unconventional materials and mediums, using found objects, discarded materials, or natural elements. Their creations are deeply personal and reflect their individual experiences, inner worlds, and unique perspectives. Art Brut has provided a platform for artists who have been marginalized or overlooked by the art establishment. Figures such as Adolf Wölfli, Henry Darger, and Martín Ramírez have gained recognition posthumously for their extraordinary bodies of work. Art Brut challenges the boundaries of what is considered "art" and questions the prevailing criteria for artistic validation. Famous Art Brut Paintings Many Art Brut artists remain relatively unknown, with their works often discovered posthumously. However, there are a few notable Art Brut paintings that have gained recognition and influenced the art world. Here are a few examples: Adolf Wölfli's crazy controversial Art: Adolf Wölfli, a Swiss artist and psychiatric patient, produced an extensive body of work during his confinement. His intricate and highly detailed drawings depict fantastical landscapes, intricate patterns, and narratives from his own imaginary world. Prisoner Drawings is a series of densely packed compositions that reveal Wölfli's creative vision and psychological complexity. "Götter [gods]" by August Walla: August Walla, an Austrian artist with schizophrenia, created a range of powerful and expressive artworks. "Mystery Train" by Martín Ramírez: Martín Ramírez, a Mexican-American artist, created intricate drawings while institutionalized in psychiatric hospitals. His works often feature repetitive lines and motifs, including trains, figures, and animals. Conclusion: Graffiti art and Art Brut are two distinct forms of artistic expression that have captivated audiences with their rawness, authenticity, and unconventional approaches. Graffiti art, born from underground subcultures, challenges social norms and transforms the urban landscape into a vibrant visual tapestry. Art Brut, created by self-taught artists, provides a platform for marginalized voices and challenges established artistic conventions. Together, these art forms exemplify the power of artistic expression to transcend boundaries, spark dialogue, and redefine the notion of what art can be in our complex and diverse world. Check out the Graffiti and Art Brut Collection on RtistiQ to explore some of magnificent works in recent times.
Understanding Abstract Art
Numerous theoretical ideas deal with abstract art. While some have taken the idea of “art for art’s sake,” others have implied that art should be like music; just as music is patterns of sound, art should be created by pure patterns of form, color, and line; there are those who see abstract art as carrying a moral dimension, abstract art can be seen to stand for virtues such as purity and spirituality; and finally, those using the term “abstract” formally, as a distinction from figuration in art (as in non-figurative). How Abstract Art impacts our mental process Abstract art seems to elicit different mental processes than figurative art. While representational art requires a more local and object-focused scan pattern, abstract art involves more globally distributed viewing patterns. Our brain adopts a more exploratory strategy for seeking visual clues while staring at abstract art. Hence more complex areas of our brain seem to be stimulated by abstract art. Appreciating abstract art To claim to understand abstract art is like pretending to understand the Universe; its complexity is beyond us. When it comes to abstract art, a more appropriate approach would be to learn to appreciate it. We can do this with an open mind and heart by looking for clues in the feelings and ideas it arises in us – the emotional approach. Nevertheless, art in general and abstract art in particular should and must be interpreted in its historical context. Despite claiming to be a universal form of art, the ideas behind abstract art were very much generated by a cumulus of factors converging at certain point in time – rational approach. First Experiments towards abstraction The big revolution in art and the journey towards Abstraction began with the Modernist artistic movements. The pioneering artists of the 19th century (Claude Monet, Paul Cézanne and George Surat among others) had a burning desire to innovate, not only because the Academic Art was not representative for an industrial society but they felt the menace of a new invention called daguerreotype. The growing popularity of the first photo camera was threatening the artists´ role of depicting reality, this is when the modern artists started to reject traditional three-dimensional space and instead used flat areas or patches of colour to create a new pictorial space. The Avant-garde - shapes and colours The following generation of Avant-garde artists proved to be even more radical and searched for inspiration far away from Europe, in the ancestral cultures of the African tribes. The Fauvists (like Henry Matisse or André Derrain) were interested in the scientific colour theories and in the use of complimentary colours for creating tension on the canvas. For many of the artists who adopted a fauvist approach it became a transitional stepping stone for future developments in their style, towards abstraction. The Cubists (George Braque, Pablo Picasso or Juan Griss) proposed a new way of depicting an object: multiple viewing angles layered on the canvas. The fragmentation and reassembling of the world proposed by the Parisian cubists had encouraged several other artists, especially from countries such as Holland and Russia, to push farther into a world of forms, leaving behind any reference to recognizable objects or scenes. The invention of these new kinds of abstract or "non-objective" art coincided with the cataclysm of World War I, and the artists involved explained their innovations in terms of contemporary revolutions in both society and consciousness or as the emergence of a changed human order. Inventing abstraction - Wassily Kandinsky “Colour is the keyboard, the eyes are the harmonies, the soul is the piano with many strings. The artist is the hand that plays, touching one key or another, to cause vibrations in the soul.” - Wassily Kandinsky Until the end of the 19th century, the value of a painting was judged by its ability to represent reality. For this reason, music was often regarded by artists as a pure form of art. One of these artists was the Russian born Wassily Kandinsky. The future inventor of Abstraction was born on December 4, 1866 in Moscow and had a formal training in law, economics and ethnography. However, by the age of 30 he had abandoned a career in law; he had fled his native country for Munich, in order to pursue his passion for art. While still living in Russia, Kandinsky found an important connection between colour and music. He is believed to have had synaesthesia, a condition that makes people perceive colour not only as a visual property of objects, but to associate colours with sounds of different qualities and intensities. He was convinced that painting, alike music, must fulfil a spiritual role. Although Kandinsky had developed the philosophical foundation for an abstract art as early as 1909, he had been hesitant to abandon representation. After hearing Arnold Schoenberg’s concert in January 1911, his work took a completely new turn. In the following days he made quick sketches of that performance and he further diluted these drawings until only traces of the original subject remained in his paintings. Composition V – first abstract painting? In the summer of the same year, Kandisnky began working on Composition V, a monumental painting in size, the most radical painting displayed at that time, announcing his ambitions for abstraction. Just a few months later, after being rejected by the official salon, he included the picture in the first exhibition of Der Blaue Reiter (the Blue Rider), a group co-founded together with Franz Marc (killed during the WWI at 36 years of age). Simultaneously, he published Concerning the Spiritual in Art, one of the first thesis to argue for artistic abstraction. His essay examines the purpose of art and how colours and forms impact the human soul. Since abstract art is freed from representation, colours and forms can display their own spirit and express the feelings of the artists. In his book, Kandinsky declares that the most advanced art offers “emotions that we cannot put into words”. The events of 1911 were equivalent to opening Pandora’s box in art. The invention of a non-objective form of art defined in manifestos as a reflection of the deep transformation in the society, anticipated the devastation of the WWI (1914-1918) but at the same time opened unknown paths for artistic explorations. 1. The Red Tree, 1908-1910, source: Gemeentemuseum den Haag 2. The Grey Tree, 1911, source: Gemeentemuseum den Haag 3. Flowering Apple Tree 1912, source: Tate Modern Piet Mondrian Other artists followed in Kandinsky’s steps on the path of abstraction but no other artist’s body of work can better illustrate the transformation from figurative depiction to abstraction as the Dutch painter Piet Mondrian. Mondrian’s fascination with trees developed out of his earlier landscape painting. After absorbing the influences of Cubism, Mondrian reworked the image of his trees to abstraction, and later on to primary colours. The trunk and branches were transforming into a network of verticals and horizontals. He acknowledged the inspiration of nature but added, “I want to come as close as possible to the truth, and I abstract everything from that until I reach the foundation of things”. No. 5, 1948, Jackson Pollock, sold in 2006 in a private sale for $135 million, according to The New York Times Abstract Expressionism - Abstraction in America “It seems to me that the modern painter cannot express this age, the airplane, the atom bomb, the radio, in the old forms of the Renaissance or of any other past culture. Each age finds its own technique.” Jackson Pollock - interview with William Wright, 1950 Prior to WWII, the art world has been dominated for centuries by Europe but the new geo-political reality was about to reshape dramatically the global art scene. The arrival in the United States of various immigrants associated with the Surrealist movement (André Breton, Max Ernst or Marcel Duchamp) fleeing the war was extremely well timed. The European Surrealist proved to be a great influence on the young artists active in New York at that time. The expanding group of artists including figures such as Jackson Pollock, Mark Rothko, Arshile Gorky, Willem de Kooning, Barnett Newman, Robert Motherwell, Clyfford Still and Adolph Gottlieb was soon labelled as “Abstract Expressionists” despite never being formally organized in an art movement. They were, however, unified to some extent by the patronage of a wealthy heiress, Peggy Guggenheim. She is the first to organize exhibitions for the young artists at her newly open gallery, Art of This Century. No other name could better describe the gallery where Abstract Expressionism would catch the interest equally of art critics and politicians. Jackson Pollock – the star of Abstract Art One of Jackson Pollock’s early works (Guardians of the secret, 1943) demonstrates how stylistic borrowings from the Cubist-derived abstraction, Expressionism and Surrealism were fused with the interest in myth and primitivism and powered by the idea of large scale painting (a symbol of the rebirth of Americana, intensely promoted through the Federal Art Project – part of Roosevelt’s New Deal). Pollock’s experiments didn’t stop at mixing various art influences but he took a very daring approach. His most accomplished works were produced in a dramatically different fashion, he rhythmically dripped and spattered industrial paints, by using a stick instead of a brush, all-over huge expanses of unstretched canvases placed on his studio floor – what became known as “drip painting”. His innovation lies in bringing the process of creation under the spotlights, his Action Painting was almost a mystic parade of gestures. Pollock is hailed by his main promoter, the art critic Clement Greenberg as the inheritor of the European abstract tradition. By the 1949, Pollock acquired appreciable market success so that Life magazine was asking rhetorically in a now famous editorial: “Is he the greatest living painter in the United States?”. The wealthy art-buying class that were Pollock’s enthusiasts incorporated the liberal intellectuals and politicians that were becoming increasingly interested in stepping-up the cold war against Communism. Abstract Expressionism and the Cold War The American administration began a cultural war against the Social-Realism (an art movement associated with the communist regimes) by exporting internationally Abstract Expressionism as a symbol of the western capitalism. Just as the Marshall Plan sought to extend America’s influence in Europe through much needed it economic aid, the touring exhibition organized by MoMA with the support of CIA, sought to gain influence over the hearts of minds of Europe. New York School of Art By the early 1950s, the idea of an art movement called Abstract Expressionism seem more of critics´ invention than a homogenous art movement. Under the umbrella New York School you had on one hand the painters whose work was based on a gestural approach (Gestural Abstraction): De Kooning, Jackson Pollock and Robert Motherwell, on the other hand, artists like Clayford Still, Mark Rothko and Barnett Newman who relied on large fields of colour (Colour Field Painting) to produce solemn effects on their canvases. These artists had an interest in archetype and anima and studied Kandisnky´s theories. Despite their sometimes bombastic spiritual claims and being often criticized for being egocentrics, we should not forget that Newman and Rothko were a response to the history of their times. Human dignity and spiritual aspirations have been completely crushed during the WWII and their art was a way of healing the trauma of this great tragedy of human kind. As Paul Klee remarked in 1915: “The more fearful the world becomes, the more art becomes abstract”. The Legacy Because of the huge influence of Abstract Expressionism in post-war America, other artists and movements are generally understood in relation to it. Ad Reinhardt in the early 1950s and then Frank Stella later in the decade painted abstract canvases, but rejected the Abstract Expressionist based on gesture They instead reinforced the essence of the painting as a physical object through precise geometric forms and smooth application of paint, anticipating the Minimalism art. Since the Abstract Expressionism painting was fundamentally “performative” it is regarded as the starting point for the Happenings (Allan Kaprow) of the 1960. Few decades later Abstract Art fell into semi-obscurity for a while only to be resuscitated and to coexist along a wide variety of art forms and ideas, so typical of our post-modern reality. “Abstraction allows man to see with his mind what he cannot see physically with his eyes… Abstract art enables to perceive beyond the tangible, to extract the infinite out of the finite. It is the emancipation of the mind. It is an exploration into unknown areas.” – Arshile Gorky Author: Floarea Baenziger Refrences: Books: 1. David Hopkins, After Modern Art 1945-2000, Oxford University Press, 2000, pp. 5-33; 2. Robert Hughes, The Shock of the New: Art and the Century of Change, Thames & Hudson Ltd, 2004; 3. Kirk Varnedoe, Pictures of Nothing: Abstract Art since Pollock, Princeton University Press, 2006; 4. Leah Dickerman, Inventing abstraction – How a radical idea changed modern art, 1910-1925, catalogue MoMA, New York, 2013; Articles: 1. Helen A. Harrison, Through a Glass Brightly: Jackson Pollock in His Own Words, The New York Times, Nov. 15, 1998; 2. Pepe Karmel, The Golden Age of Abstraction: Right Now, ARTnews, April 24, 2013; 3. Meyer Schapiro, Nature of Abstract Art, www.on-curating.org, October 2003; 4. Celia Durkin, Eileen Hartnett, Daphna Shohamy, An objective evaluation on the beholder’s response to abstract and figurative art based on construal level theory, PNAS, August 2020. Author: Floarea Bänziger, RtistiQ curator RtistiQ is a leading online art marketplace that features a wide curated selection of Abstract art created by emerging and established artists from all over the world. All artworks are original and blockchain powered so you can shop abstract art with an ease of mind. Discover all abstract artworks here.
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The Evolution of Landscape or Scenery Painting: A Journey Through Different Periods
Scenery painting, particularly landscape painting, has been a cherished art form for centuries. It offers a window into the natural world, showcasing the evolution of artistic styles, techniques, and mediums across different historical periods. This article takes you on a journey through time, exploring the development of scenery painting and the major creators who left their indelible marks on this genre. From the early depictions of the natural world to modern interpretations, the evolution of scenery painting reveals not only artistic innovation but also the shifting perceptions of nature and its significance in the human experience. Prehistoric and Ancient Art: The Birth of Scenery Painting The earliest examples of scenery painting can be traced back to prehistoric times. These paintings, often found in caves, depict scenes of the natural world inhabited by early humans. These ancient artworks serve as a testament to the human urge to document their surroundings and reflect on the world around them. One of the most famous prehistoric scenery paintings is the Lascaux cave paintings in France, dating back to around 15,000 BCE. These paintings, which include depictions of animals and the surrounding environment, give us a glimpse into the artistic sensibilities of early humans and their connection to nature. As civilization advanced, so did the art of scenery painting. In ancient Greece, artists like Apollodorus and Zeuxis created scenic backgrounds for theatrical performances, a practice that would later influence the development of landscape painting in Western art. The Middle Ages: An Age of Symbolism During the Middle Ages, landscape painting was often subordinated to religious and symbolic themes. It served as a backdrop for religious narratives and was intended to convey spiritual meaning rather than to celebrate the beauty of nature itself. One of the significant developments during this period was the inclusion of landscapes in religious art, particularly in illuminated manuscripts and altar paintings. The landscapes were used as settings for biblical events and served to provide context to the religious narratives. Notable creators of this period include artists like Hieronymus Bosch, who painted landscapes that were rich in symbolism and surrealism. His works, such as "The Garden of Earthly Delights," feature landscapes that are intricate and fantastical, reflecting the religious and moral concerns of the time. The Renaissance: Nature as the Divine The Renaissance period witnessed a significant shift in the way nature was perceived and depicted in art. Artists during this time began to explore the idea of nature as a reflection of the divine, and landscape painting evolved to become an independent genre. Leonardo da Vinci, one of the most celebrated figures of the Renaissance, demonstrated a keen interest in the study of nature. His detailed sketches of landscapes and natural phenomena, such as his "Bird's-Eye View of a Landscape," show a deep appreciation for the beauty and complexity of the natural world. Albrecht Dürer, a German artist, made substantial contributions to the genre with his detailed engravings and woodcuts of landscapes. His works, such as "The Large Piece of Turf," displayed a meticulous observation of plant life and a desire to represent nature as realistically as possible. The Dutch Golden Age: Realism and Symbolism The Dutch Golden Age in the 17th century saw the emergence of landscape painting as a prominent genre. Dutch artists, such as Jacob van Ruisdael and Aelbert Cuyp, played pivotal roles in elevating the status of landscape painting, often depicting the serene and idyllic Dutch countryside. Landscape painting during this period embraced both realism and symbolism. Realistic depictions of the Dutch landscape and the daily life of its inhabitants became a hallmark of Dutch Golden Age art. Artists focused on capturing the effects of light, atmosphere, and weather conditions in their landscapes. Aelbert Cuyp, for example, was known for his warm, golden landscapes bathed in sunlight, often featuring cattle and river scenes. His "The Maas at Dordrecht" is a prime example of the Dutch Golden Age landscape, displaying a tranquil, idyllic scene with a masterful use of light and shadow. Jacob van Ruisdael, on the other hand, painted landscapes with dramatic weather and atmospheric conditions. His work "View of Haarlem with Bleaching Grounds" exemplifies his skill in capturing the shifting moods of nature. The Romantic Period: Nature as a Source of Inspiration The Romantic period in the late 18th and early 19th centuries saw a resurgence of interest in nature, not only as a subject but as a source of inspiration for artists. Nature was seen as a powerful force that could evoke deep emotions and serve as a reflection of the human condition. Artists like Caspar David Friedrich, known for his transcendental landscapes, painted scenes that often featured solitary figures in sublime natural settings. His "Wanderer above the Sea of Fog" is an iconic work of Romantic landscape painting, where a lone figure stands on a mountain peak, gazing out at a mist-covered landscape. The Romantic landscape painters often used dramatic and awe-inspiring landscapes to evoke feelings of awe and wonder. This period marked a departure from the strict realism of the Dutch Golden Age, allowing for more emotional and imaginative interpretations of the natural world. The Barbizon School: Pioneers of Plain Air Painting In the 19th century, the Barbizon School in France had a profound impact on the evolution of landscape painting. Artists of this movement, such as Jean-Baptiste Camille Corot and Jean-François Millet, rejected idealized or romanticized depictions of the landscape in favor of a more direct and realistic approach. The Barbizon artists often worked en plein air, or outdoors, to capture the true essence of nature. They sought to convey the simple beauty of the countryside and the daily lives of rural people. Jean-François Millet's "The Gleaners" is a prime example of this approach, depicting three peasant women harvesting grain in a realistic and unidealized manner. The Barbizon School laid the groundwork for the emergence of the Impressionist movement, which would further revolutionize landscape painting. Impressionism: Capturing the Moment Impressionism, which emerged in the late 19th century, was a groundbreaking movement that redefined how landscapes were painted. Artists like Claude Monet, Pierre-Auguste Renoir, and Camille Pissarro sought to capture the fleeting effects of light and color in the natural world. Claude Monet's "Water Lilies" series is a quintessential example of Impressionist landscape painting. Monet's fascination with the play of light on the water's surface and the changing colors of his garden pond led to a series of paintings that emphasized the transitory nature of the scene. The Impressionists were known for their loose brushwork and the use of broken color to create the illusion of light and atmosphere. They painted en plein air, embracing the spontaneity of nature and the changing conditions of the outdoors. Post-Impressionism: Individual Interpretations Following Impressionism, the Post-Impressionist movement brought forth a diverse range of artistic interpretations. Artists like Vincent van Gogh and Paul Cézanne built upon the Impressionist foundation but sought to imbue their landscapes with personal and emotional elements. Vincent van Gogh's "Starry Night" is a prime example of his unique approach to landscape painting. The swirling, starry night sky and the serene village
The Ultimate Guide to Finding the Perfect Art Wall Paintings for Sale
Are you searching for the perfect art wall paintings to elevate your home decor? Look no further! Our ultimate guide has everything you need to know to find that one-of-a-kind masterpiece that will add a touch of sophistication to your living space. We understand that choosing the right wall painting can feel overwhelming with the plethora of options available in the market. That's why we've curated this comprehensive guide to simplify your decision-making process. From understanding different painting styles to selecting the right size and color scheme, our guide covers it all. We'll even walk you through the process of determining your personal taste and aligning it with the atmosphere you want to create in your home. Whether you're a seasoned art enthusiast or a first-time buyer, this guide is designed to help you find the perfect art wall paintings that resonate with your personality. So, get ready to transform your living space into a mesmerizing art gallery with our expert tips and advice. Benefits of incorporating art wall paintings in your home or office Art wall paintings have the power to transform any space, be it your home or office. They serve as a visual expression of your personality, adding depth and character to the walls. One of the key benefits of incorporating art wall paintings is their ability to create a focal point in a room. A well-placed painting can draw the eye and become a conversation starter. It can also help to tie together the various elements of your decor, creating a cohesive and aesthetically pleasing environment. In addition to their decorative value, art wall paintings can also have a positive impact on your mood and well-being. Studies have shown that engaging with art can reduce stress and anxiety, increase feelings of happiness, and even improve cognitive function. By surrounding yourself with artwork that resonates with you, you can create a space that promotes relaxation and creativity. Different types of art wall paintings When it comes to art wall paintings, there is a wide range of styles and genres to choose from. Understanding the different types can help you narrow down your options and find the perfect piece that suits your taste and home decor. One popular style of art wall paintings is abstract art. Abstract paintings are characterized by their non-representational forms and use of color, line, and shape to create a visual language. They can add a sense of energy and intrigue to a space, and their versatility makes them suitable for a variety of interior design styles. For those who prefer a more traditional approach, landscape paintings are a timeless choice. These paintings often depict natural scenery, such as mountains, forests, or seascapes. Landscape paintings can create a sense of tranquility and bring the beauty of the outdoors into your home. Another popular genre is portrait painting. Portraits capture the likeness and personality of a person, making them a great choice for adding a personal touch to your space. Whether you opt for a classic portrait or a contemporary interpretation, these paintings can make a bold statement and become a focal point in any room. Factors to consider when choosing art wall paintings Choosing the perfect art wall painting involves considering several factors that will help you make an informed decision. By taking these factors into account, you can ensure that the painting you choose not only fits your personal taste but also complements your existing decor. One of the first things to consider is the size of the painting. The size of the artwork should be proportional to the wall it will be displayed on. A large painting on a small wall can overwhelm the space, while a small painting on a large wall may get lost and fail to make an impact. Take measurements of your wall and consider the scale of the room to determine the appropriate size for your painting. Another important factor is the color scheme of the painting. The colors should harmonize with the overall color palette of the room. Consider the dominant colors in your decor and look for paintings that incorporate similar hues. This will help create a cohesive and visually pleasing environment. The subject matter of the painting is also a crucial consideration. Think about the atmosphere you want to create in the room. Do you want a serene and calming space? In that case, landscape or abstract paintings may be a good choice. If you want to make a bold statement or showcase your personality, consider opting for a painting with a strong subject or vibrant colors. Lastly, don't forget to consider your personal taste and emotional connection to the artwork. Art is subjective, and what resonates with one person may not resonate with another. Choose a painting that speaks to you on a deeper level, evokes emotions, and reflects your unique style and personality. Where to find art wall paintings for sale Now that you have a clear idea of the type of art wall painting you're looking for, it's time to explore the various avenues where you can find them for sale. From online marketplaces to art galleries and local artists, each option offers its own advantages and unique selection of artwork. Online marketplaces have become a popular destination for art buyers. Websites like RtistiQ, Saatchi Art, and Artsy connect artists with buyers from all over the world. These platforms offer a wide range of art wall paintings in different styles, sizes, and price ranges. They often have search filters that allow you to narrow down your options based on your preferences, making it easier to find the perfect piece. Art galleries and exhibitions are another great place to find art wall paintings. Visiting galleries allows you to see the artwork in person and get a better sense of its size, texture, and overall impact. Many galleries also represent emerging artists, giving you the opportunity to discover unique and undiscovered talent. If you're looking for something truly one-of-a-kind, consider reaching out to local artists or independent sellers. Many artists have their own websites or social media platforms where they showcase and sell their work. Buying directly from the artist not only supports their creative journey but also allows you to establish a personal connection and learn more about the inspiration behind the painting. No matter where you choose to buy your art wall painting, it's important to do your research and ensure that the seller is reputable. Read reviews, check their return policy, and ask any questions you may have before making a purchase. Investing in art is a personal experience, and finding the right seller can make all the difference. Tips for selecting the perfect art wall painting Now that you know where to find art wall paintings, let's delve into some expert tips for selecting the perfect piece that will enhance your home decor and bring joy to your space. Research and Explore: Take the time to research different artists, styles, and genres. Look for inspiration in magazines, art blogs, and social media platforms. Visit museums and galleries to get a better understanding of what resonates with you. Consider the Space: Before making a purchase, visualize how the painting will fit into your space. Consider the lighting, furniture arrangement, and overall ambiance of the room. Take into account the size, color, and subject matter of the painting to ensure it complements the space. Set a Budget: Art wall paintings can vary greatly in price, so it's important to set a budget before you start your search. Determine how much you're willing to spend and stick to it. Remember that art is an investment, and finding a piece you love within your budget is possible. Ask for Expert Advice: If you're unsure about the technical aspects of a painting or need guidance in making a decision, don't hesitate to seek expert advice. Consult with art consultants, interior designers, or even the artists themselves. They can offer valuable insights and help you make an informed choice. Trust Your Instincts: Ultimately, trust your instincts and choose a painting that speaks to you. Art is meant to evoke emotions and create a personal connection. If a painting resonates with you on an emotional level and brings you joy, it's likely the perfect choice for your home. By following these tips, you can navigate the world of art wall paintings with confidence and find the perfect piece that will enhance your living space for years to come. Conclusion Finding the perfect art wall painting may seem like a daunting task, but with the right knowledge and guidance, it can be an enjoyable and rewarding experience. By understanding different painting styles, considering important factors such as size and color scheme, and exploring various avenues for purchasing art, you can find a piece that truly reflects your personality and elevates your home decor. Remember that art is subjective, and what matters most is finding a painting that resonates with you on a deeper level. Trust your instincts, explore different options, and take the time to appreciate the beauty and creativity that art wall paintings bring to your living space. So, start your journey today! Transform your walls into a mesmerizing art gallery and create a space that not only inspires but also reflects your unique style and personality. Happy art hunting!
Unveiling Limited Edition Prints: Are They Worth Collecting?
In the world of art, limited edition prints have garnered significant attention and debate over their value and worth. These prints, often produced by artists in limited quantities, have become popular for art enthusiasts to own a piece of their favourite works without breaking the bank. However, the question remains: are limited edition prints worth anything as an investment and a source of aesthetic pleasure? The reality is that Prints can be just as valuable as any other artwork created and have exceeded value in millions for some rare works by master artists. The Frugal Repast (Le Repas frugal), an etching by Pablo Picasso part of the La Suite des saltimbanques series created in 1904, is considered the first significant attempt by the artist in Printmaking, sold for GBP 6,014,500, in the year 2022 at christies. This article delves into the various facets of limited edition prints, exploring their history, factors affecting their value, and whether they hold lasting significance in the art market. The History of Limited Edition Prints Limited edition prints trace their origins back to the earliest forms of printmaking. Printmaking, as a technique, dates back to ancient civilizations such as the Egyptians and Chinese. However, producing prints in limited quantities gained traction during the Renaissance period in Europe. Artists like Albrecht Dürer and Rembrandt created engravings and etchings that were not only artistic masterpieces but also showed a shift in how art could be produced and distributed. Fast-forward to the 20th century, and limited edition prints began gaining prominence. Artists like Pablo Picasso, Salvador Dalí, and Andy Warhol embraced printmaking to make their art accessible to a broader audience. The Indian Master Raja Ravi Varma, gained large scale prominence due to lithographic prints, specifically of Gods and Godesses that he paiinted. The ability to reproduce artworks precisely and at a lower cost than original paintings made prints an attractive medium for artists and collectors. Factors Affecting the Value of Limited Edition Prints A complex interplay of factors influences the value of limited-edition prints. Here are some key aspects that contribute to their worth: Edition Size: One of the defining features of limited edition prints is the restricted number of copies produced. Generally, the smaller the edition size, the higher the perceived value. A print from an edition of 10 will likely hold more value than one from 100. Artist's Reputation: The artist's reputation plays a significant role in determining the value of their limited edition prints. Prints by renowned artists with established careers are more likely to appreciate value over time. Authenticity and Provenance: Authenticity is crucial in the art market. Limited edition prints with proper documentation and provenance are more valuable as they assure buyers of the artwork's legitimacy. Condition: The condition of the print also impacts its value. Well-preserved prints, without damage or discolouration, tend to command higher prices. Rarity: While the term "limited edition" implies rarity, some prints within an edition might be more sought after due to factors such as variations in colour or unique characteristics. Subject Matter: The subject of the print and its relevance to the artist's body of work can affect its value. Prints featuring iconic motifs or themes closely associated with the artist will likely be more valuable. Artistic Technique: The printmaking technique used can influence value. Specific techniques like etching, lithography, and serigraphy (silkscreen printing) require intricate skills and can add to the appeal and value of the print. Market Demand: Market trends and demand play a significant role in determining the value of limited edition prints. If a particular artist's work becomes fashionable or is featured in exhibitions, it can increase demand and higher prices. Limited Edition Prints as Investments Limited edition prints have often been seen as a way for collectors to invest in art without the hefty price tag of an original painting. However, the investment potential of these prints is a subject of debate. While some limited edition prints by highly regarded artists have appreciated significantly in value over time, not all prints yield substantial returns. The art market can be unpredictable, and factors such as shifts in artistic taste, economic conditions, and changes in the artist's popularity can impact the investment value of prints. Investing in limited edition prints requires careful research and consideration. It's essential to research the artist's career trajectory, study market trends, and consult experts before purchasing with the expectation of financial gain. Like any investment, risks are involved, and it's important not to rely solely on limited edition prints as a means of financial growth. Aesthetic Value and Enjoyment Beyond the realm of investment, limited edition prints hold intrinsic value in terms of aesthetics and personal enjoyment. Owning a limited edition print allows art enthusiasts to experience the beauty and creativity of an artist's work firsthand. These prints can serve as entry points into an artist's larger body of work, allowing viewers to connect with their artistic vision and style. Limited edition prints also allow individuals to decorate their living or working spaces with art that resonates with them. The affordability of prints compared to original artworks makes it possible for a broader range of people to own pieces that align with their artistic preferences. The Changing Landscape with Digital Art Digital technology has introduced a new dimension to the world of limited edition prints through the emergence of digital art and NFTs (Non-Fungible Tokens). NFTs allow digital artists to create limited edition digital artworks that are unique, provably authentic, and can be bought, sold, and owned on blockchain platforms. This raises questions about the value of traditional limited-edition prints in a world where digital art is gaining prominence. While digital art and NFTs have their own merits and challenges, traditional limited-edition prints continue to hold their place in the art market. The tactile quality of a physical print, the historical significance of printmaking techniques, and the enduring appeal of owning a tangible piece of art contribute to the lasting value of traditional limited edition prints. In Conclusion Whether limited edition prints are worth anything encompasses a multifaceted discussion. While these prints may not always yield substantial financial returns as investments, their value extends far beyond monetary considerations. Limited edition prints allow art enthusiasts to engage with the creative output of talented artists, enriching their lives aesthetically and emotionally. As the art market continues to evolve, limited edition prints remain an accessible and valuable means of connecting with art. Whether cherished for their aesthetic allure or sought after as collectibles, these prints are a testament to the enduring power of art to inspire, provoke, and delight.